Maji Maji resistance against the Germans 1905/1907

historicalville.com-Maji Maji resistance against the Germans 1905/1907
On 31 of July 1905, Matumbi tribesmen marched on Samanga and destroyed the cotton crop as well as trading post. The Maji Maji uprising in German East Africa was one of the most significant African challenges faced by the German colonial aspiration and leadership. The resistance lasted for two years and the casualties were estimated around 250000-300000 total death and injured, mostly civilian from famine, cross fire and hunger etc. 
Tanganyika (modern day Tanzania) was acquired by the German during the scramble for Africa and the Berlin Conference of 1884/1885, but the Germans established control over Tanganyika on 1898,and imposed a violent regime in other to control the population.
The brutal and oppressive administration imposed by the Germans made the people angry and it became unbearable when drought hit a region in Tanganyika, a prophet, Kinjikitile Ngwale claimed to be possessed by a snake spirit called Hongo and also can make a sacred liquid that could repel German bullets called “Maji Maji. The first group of rebellious tribes armed themselves with arrows, spears and the maji maji water to attack the first small German outpost at Samanga and to destroy the cotton crops.
It was the first significant rebellion that included most or all ethnic groups of Tanganyika against the Germans, some other reasons includes the seizure of native lands from indigenes to create German plantations, forceful use of the natives to work on cotton plantations, forbidding them from growing food crops and the Germans implementation of harsh methods to make them work harder.
To restore order, the Germans had to bring in soldiers from Sudan to defeat the resistance, the town of Samanga was destroyed and many Africans were killed. After restoring their authority, the Germans executed the leaders of the resistance.

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