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Saturday, April 6, 2019

Why is Kashmir important to India and Pakistan

historicalville.com-Why is Kashmir important to India and Pakistan
After the partition of the Indian Empire on 1947, Pakistan and India has both claim to be the legal owners of Northern of Jammu and Kashmir which refused to join either of the two countries and remain neutral during the partition crisis of 1947.
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historicalville.com-Why is Kashmir important to India and Pakistan
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After pressure from both side the maharajah of Kashmir, Hari Signh signed an agreement with both parties, which they both agreed not to occupy or invade the region for two months so they can decide what next step to take. But it all changed when on October 1947 the maharajah of Kashmir confiscated weapons from the muslims and sent it to the British Army and it was later redistributed to the Hindu Village defence forces which provoked an uprising by the Muslims in Kashmir and it's neighboring Pashtun tribesman from Pakistan came in to assist as it was claimed.
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historicalville.com-Why is Kashmir important to India and Pakistan
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Thinking it was an invasion by Pakistan, the maharajah sought military assistant from India but Indian government agreed only if Kashmir will be handed over to India(claiming they need the right before interference), which the maharajah accepted and it was approved by the Governor General and Kashmir and Jammu was acceded to India on October 26, 1947, Pakistan disputed this agreement stating that Kashmir had no right to violate the stand-still agreement while it was still in force. 
The next day being October 27, 1947, Indian troops landed in Kashmir to fight the uprising and the tribesmen from Pakistan,  this led to Pakistan invading Kashmir and the first India - Pakistan war began.
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During the war, the Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru promised a referendum after the war. India referred the cases to the UN, which a resolution was passed that they both withdraw their troops from the region and that a referendum should be held for the people to decide their fate, but India and Pakistan never withdrew their troop and referendum was never held till this day.
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A ceasefire was later agreed on January 1, 1949 and Kashmir was declared a disputed territory and the ceasefire line became the defacto border splitting Kashmir into two with India occupying 65 percent of Kashmir and Pakistan occupying the remaining. 
Three wars have been fought over Kashmir by India and Pakistan, but have you ever wondered what an independent United Kashmir will look like? 

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1 comment:

  1. Thanks for uploading this article I was interested in it

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