Thursday, February 7, 2019

Forbidden City - China's Buckingham Palace

Beijing, China - For centuries, only members of the emperor's household could pass through the gates of China's famous Forbidden City. 

 Today, however, people visit the sites to see the wonderful structures and architecture employed by the builders, it now houses the Palace Museum. The Forbidden City served as the home of emperors and their households as well as the ceremonial and political center of Chinese government for almost 500 years.

This collection of massive building with curving, golden-tiled roofs is actually a city within a city within a city. The Forbidden City is a square within the largest Imperial City,  which is at the center of Beijing's Inner City district.  The first things you see are huge buildings and broad, open squares. Stone carvings and fantastic animal figures decorate pillars and gateways. 
Must read: The Mystery behind St. Basil Cathedral 
Facts of Forbidden City
  1. Completed in 1420 by the Yung-lo emperor of the Ming dynasty,  who moved the capital to Beijing. Buildings have been rebuilt. 
  2. Major buildings in Beijing's Outer City and Inner City are built along a straight, north-south, 1.7-mile axis. The axis passes across Tiananmen Square through large parks to the gates of the Forbidden City. The city is surrounded by a moat and a wall. 
  3. The entrance is through the Meridian Gate,  which leads to marble bridges over the moat. Across the bridges is a great open square that leads to the Gate of Supreme Harmony. Through the Gate of Supreme Harmony lie the three state halls of the Forbidden City. 
  4. Outer Court: three great halls of state - the Hall of Supreme Harmony, the Hall of Complete Harmony, and the Hall of Preserving Harmony - stand one behind another on the marble platform. 
  5. Inner Court: palaces, courtyards, and pavilions where the emperor, his family, and the palace staff lived. 

Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
  • Restored Chinese rule after conquest and rule by Mongols. 

Qing (CH'ING)  Dynasty 
  • Last emperors of China: dynasty overthrown by a revolution. 

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