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Monday, October 14, 2019

October 14, 2019

Edward Makuka Nkoloso: Zambia race for Space, Moon and Mars

Edward Makuka Nkoloso: Zambia race for Space, Moon and Mars -historicalville.com
When John f. Kennedy gave his moon address on September 1962, and the USSR was also planning to the same, they were another country in Africa nursing the same ambition to land a man on the moon and mars before the united states, and the soviet union and the country were Zambia.
Zambia is an African country in southern Africa who got her independence from the British in 1964, and the first thing on their mind was to beat the United States and the Soviet Union by landing a man on the moon as well as Mars. 

The Zambian Director and Founder of the Zambia National Academy of Science Space Research and Philosophy, Edward Makuka Nkoloso hoped to reach the moon before the United States and the Soviet Union in the Space race by sending a girl of 17 years old, two cats to the moon and a continued mission to mars with a missionary which he warned not to force the mars people into Christianity.
Also read : Who is Thomas Sankara? Africa's Che Guevara
Edward Makuka Nkoloso: Zambia race for Space, Moon and Mars-historicalville.com

The participant of the program was called “Afronauts (African - Astronauts)”, trainees for the space mission were rolled down in a rough hill in a 200-litre oil drum to give them the feeling of weightlessness for both space travel and entry. The Rocket named D-KALU (named after the first President of Zambia, Kenneth David Kaunda), the rocket was a 3 metre by 2-metre drum-shaped vessel made of aluminium and copper which Makuka believes was space worthy.
Edward Makuka Nkoloso: Zambia race for Space, Moon and Mars -historicalville.com
Also read: 15 facts about robert mugabe of zimbabwe
The launch date was proposed for 24th October 1964, but it was not approved because it was the day approved for Zambian Independence Celebration. Makuka Nkoloso requested a grant worth 7 million zam from UNESCO (United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) and 1.9 million zam from other private establishments for his space program but didn’t get any.
Due to lack of fund and seriousness among his trainee the rocket never left the ground and Makuka Nkoloso died with his dreams on 4 March 1989 but before that he watched the United States land Neil Armstrong on the moon on July 20 1969

Monday, September 23, 2019

September 23, 2019

Who is Thomas Sankara? Africa's Che Guevara



Thomas Sankara was the former president of Burkina Faso (1983-1987), he is one of Africans leaders that should be remembered for being a strong advocate of Pan Africanism and a revolutionary leader. He is seen as a charismatic leader and sometimes referred to as “African’s Che Guevara.”

Thomas Sankara was brought to power in 1983 when a group of revolutionaries seized power in a popularly- supported coup. At the age of 33, Thomas Sankara became the President of Upper Volta (Burkina Faso). He carried out a lot of economic, social, and political reforms in the country.  He single-handedly proved that an Africa country can be self-sufficient and self-reliant.  He remained the country to Burkina Faso, which means "Land of Upright Man or Land of incorruptible people," which is a reflection of the culture he was promoting among his people.
Also read: 10 things you may not know about Adolf Hitler
Sankara's radical developments and national economic program shoot the foundations of the traditional financial system imposed on African by the colonialists.
Most of his national policies were focused on preventing famine with agrarian self-sufficiency, mass literacy educational campaigns, promotion of health care, land reforms in the country, he also went ahead to combat deforestation by planting over 10,000,000 trees, redistribution of lands from feudal landlords to peasants and establishment of roads and railways programs. It was during his administration that Africa experience for the first time a woman in the cabinet or such a high government position in the continent of Africa.
Most of his reforms were not so welcoming to their former colonizers, France, and its ally Ivory Coast, including the feudal lords and chieftains in the country. His foreign policies were anti-imperialistic and his government pushing for odious debt reduction, nationalizing all lands and mineral wealth and averting the power and influence of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank.
Thomas Sankara was assassinated on 15 October 1987 by forces led by Blaise Compaore, who became the President afterward.
Quote by Thomas Sankara before his assassination: "While revolutionaries as individuals can be murdered, you cannot kill the ideas."

Friday, September 20, 2019

September 20, 2019

10 things you may not know about Adolf Hitler



10 things you may not know about Adolf Hitler-historicalville.com
Adolf Hitler was the German Chancellor in 1933 and later Fuhrer in 1934. He led Germany to war in 1939 by invading Poland, which was met with international condemnation and it resulted in the Second World War from September 1939 till his death on April 1945. Below are 10 things you may not know about Adolf Hitler:

1. Hitler was the first European leader to stop the operation of a human zoo.

2. Hollywood was afraid of losing money if they made a movie about Hitler, but Charlie Chaplain did a film mocking Hitler with his own money.

3. On October 15, 1918, During the first World War,  Adolf Hitler was blinded temporarily by mustard gas on his camp.

4. Hitler has strongly wanted to become a priest during his early childhood.

5. Half of Hitler's 6 siblings died during his childhood.
Also read :10 Amazing facts about Nigeria, you don't know
6. In 1938, Time magazine elected Adolf Hitler as Time Man of the Year.

7. A British soldier showed mercy to a wounded German infantryman who was later identified as Adolf Hitler, if the soldier had killed him, the bloody war might be avoided.

8. Adolf Hitler was a great lover of movies, and his favorites were King King, Snow White and the seven dwarfs.

9. During the Second World War, Hitler's nephew fought alongside the United States as naval personnel..

10. Hitler practised his speeches by having photos taken of himself in various poses.

Tell us what you know about Adolf Hitler. 

Saturday, September 14, 2019

September 14, 2019

10 Amazing Facts About Nigeria, you should know


10 Amazing Facts About Nigeria, you should know-historicalville.com
Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa and one of the fastest-growing economies in the region, with the recent criticisms and adverse reactions faced by Nigerian internationally, it should be noted that Nigerians are outstanding and smart people, below are 10 amazing facts about Nigeria, you should know:

1.    Nigeria has the highest rate of private jet owners in Africa: Nigeria has a lot of private jet owners in the country who are mainly politicians, pastors and business moguls in the country, the richest black man in Africa is from Nigeria and host of man other prominent businessmen. The African Business Aviation Association (AfBAA) estimates that there are already up to 600 business jets in Africa. According to them, although China leads the way globally, Nigeria is the second-fastest-growing market in the world and is home to more private planes than even South Africa.

2.    The Dufuna canoe is the second oldest water going vessel ever unearthed and the oldest in Africa, it is between 8 000 to 8 500 years old and was uncovered in Northern Nigeria.

3.    The first Black African to win gold at the Commonwealth Games and at an international sports event was Emmanuel Ifeajuna, a Nigerian high-jumper. He broke all records of the time by clearing a height of 6ft and 8in
Also read:  15-facts-about-robert-mugabe-of-zimbabwe
4.    When there was a coup in São Tomé and Príncipe in 2003, Nigeria restored the elected President back to power.

10 Amazing Facts About Nigeria, you should know-historicalville.com
5.    Of the 3 South African Presidents who ruled after apartheid, two of them once lived in Nigeria under asylum. Both Nelson Mandela (60s) and Thabo Mbeki (70s) lived in Nigeria before becoming President of South Africa. We gave financial support, social support, boycotted an Olympics and our politicians, musicians and activists campaigned relentlessly.

6.    A Nigerian family, The Imafidon family, have officially been named the smartest family in the UK.

7.    60% of Nigerians in the US have college degrees. This is far above the American national average of 30%.   

8.    Nigeria spent over $3 Billion and lost hundreds of soldiers to end the wars in both Liberia and Sierra Leone, which the world ignored because they have no oil.

9.    Amina was a warrior queen who ruled Zaria Emirate in Kaduna state, Northwestern Nigeria 400 years ago in 1610.

10.    The World’s fastest supercomputer was designed by a world-renowned inventor and scientist, Philip Emeagwali, a full-blown Nigerian whose patency was awarded in 2015.

Thursday, September 12, 2019

September 12, 2019

Crime Stats: South Africa witness increase in murder and sexual offence

Crime Stats: South Africa witness increase in murder and sexual offence-historicalville.com
Murder, sexual offenses, and other contact crimes rose in the past financial year, the Portfolio Committee on Police heard on Thursday.
As the police presented the annual crime statistics, MPs heard that there were 21 022 murders in the 2018/19 financial year - 686 more than the previous year and an increase of 3.4%.

Sexual offenses increased by 4.6% to 52 420 crimes - 2 312 more than the year before.
There were 18 980 attempted murders - an increase of 746 cases or 4.1%.
Assault to commit grievous bodily harm increased by 2.2% or 3 670 cases, to 170 079 cases.
Also read: 15 facts about robert mugabe of zimbabwe
There were 162 012 common assault cases - an increase of 3.7%.
Robbery with aggravating circumstances increased by 1.2% to 140 032 cases - 1 668 more than the year before. This category includes hijackings, cash-in-transit robberies, and robberies at commercial and residential properties. Burglaries at residential properties were the only sub-category that increased.
 Also read:East African Federation: The Future of East Africa
Common robbery increased by 2% and arson increased by 5.5% to 4 083 cases - 214 more than the year before.
There were 113 089 cases of malicious damage to property - an increase of 1 597 cases or 1.4%.
In total, contact crimes - the categories listed above - increased by 2.6% on average.
The briefing continues.

Sunday, September 8, 2019

September 08, 2019

15 facts about Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe


15 facts about Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe-historicalville.com

Robert Mugabe was the Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and then served as President from 1987 to 2017. He was a revolutionary and the longest-serving leader of Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia). Below are the facts about Robert Mugabe that many may not know about him:

1.      Robert Gabriel Mugabe was born on 21 February 1924 in Kutama, Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe).

2.      Mugabe married two wives in his lifetime, first to a Ghanaian Sally Hayfron when he was in Ghana, she died in 1992, and however, he got married to Grace Marufu in 1996.

3.      He had a son with Sally Hayfron, but he died at the age of 4. He has two sons and one daughter with Grace Marufu making of four children total.

4.      Mugabe had a good influence on his childhood as he was supervised by a Jesuit Father O'Hea, who taught him that all people are equal and directed toward educational fulfillment.
5.      After completion of his college education in St. Francis Xavier College, Katuma in 1945, he chose the teaching profession and taught in Ghana, Southern, and Northern Rhodesia.

6.      He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in History and English at Fort Hare University in South Africa and also in 1953 he got a Bachelor OF Education through a correspondence course from South Africa.

15 facts about Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe-historicalville.com
7.      Robert Mugabe associated himself with Marxist- Leninist ideology before the 1980s and claims to be socialist after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.

8.      Mugabe was imprisoned from 1963-1974.

9.      In 1980 electoral campaign, Mugabe survived two assassination attempts in the same month and four days interval.

10.  Robert Mugabe was sworn into office as the Prime Minister of Zimbabwe on 17 April 1980.

11.  Mugabe was declared president of Zimbabwe on 30 December 1987, making him the strongest man in Zimbabwe.

12.  Mugabe announced his intentions to run for Zimbabwe Presidency in 2018, but unfortunately, he was deposed before the election.
13.  Robert Mugabe was appointed World Health Organization (WHO) goodwill ambassador, but it was revoked by the WHO due to international condemnation.

14.  Mugabe and his wife negotiated a deal before his resignation, under which he and his kins are exempted from prosecution, his business interest will remain untouched and he is set to receive a payment of at least $10 million, which he got after he resigned.

15.  He died on 6 September 2019, at the age of 95 at Gleneagles Hospital in Singapore.


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Friday, August 16, 2019

August 16, 2019

Sudan Crisis: Historic Transition to Civilian Rule in Sudan

Sudan's military rulers and protest leaders on Saturday are scheduled to sign a landmark deal reached after a bloody uprising which is meant to pave the way for civilian rule.
The ceremony will make official a constitutional declaration inked on August 4 between the country's Transitional Military Council and the opposition coalition of the Alliance for Freedom and Change.
The deal brought an end to nearly eight months of upheaval that saw masses mobilise against president Omar al-Bashir, who was ousted in April after 30 years in power.
The deal brokered by the African Union and Ethiopia was welcomed with relief by both sides, with protesters celebrating what they saw as the victory of their "revolution" and generals taking credit for averting civil war.
While the compromise meets several of the protest camp's key demands, its terms leave the military with ample powers and its future civilian government with daunting challenges.
With Saturday's official signing of the transitional documents, Sudan will kick off a process that will include important immediate first steps.
The composition of the new transitional civilian-majority ruling council is to be announced Sunday, followed two days later by the naming of a prime minister.
On Thursday, protest leaders agreed to nominate former senior UN official Abdalla Hamdok as prime minister.
The veteran economist, who stepped down last year as deputy executive secretary of the UN's Economic Commission for Africa, is to be formally selected on August 20, a statement said.
The cabinet is to be unveiled on August 28, with the newly-appointed ministers due to meet the sovereign council on September 1 for the first time.
Elections must be held after the 39-month transitional period that began on August 4.